The human platelet proteome mapped by peptide-centric proteomics: A functional protein profile

Authors

  • Lennart Martens,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Petra Van Damme,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Jozef Van Damme,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • An Staes,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Evy Timmerman,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Bart Ghesquière,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Grégoire R. Thomas,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Joël Vandekerckhove,

    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Kris Gevaert Professor

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    • Department of Medical Protein Research, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Ghent University, A. Baertsoenkaai 3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium Fax:+32-92-649-496
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Abstract

Several studies have been published in which holistic approaches were used to characterise the proteome and transcriptome of human platelets. The key intent being that a deeper understanding of the normal and aberrant physiological functions of platelets can only be achieved if most biomolecular building blocks are mapped. Here we present the application of recently developed novel technologies that overcome some of the shortcomings of gel-based proteomics. Central in our approach is the so-called combined fractional diagonal chromatography (COFRADIC)-technology in which sets of representative peptides are sorted in a diagonal RP chromatographic system through a specific modification of their side chain. In this study we combined three different COFRADIC sorting techniques to analyse the proteome of human platelets. Methionyl, cysteinyl and amino terminal peptides were isolated and analysed by MS/MS. Merging the peptide identifications obtained after database searching resulted in a core set of 641 platelet proteins, which comprises the largest set identified today. In comparison to previously published platelet proteomes, we identified 404 novel platelet proteins containing a high number of hydrophobic membrane proteins and hypothetical proteins. Furthermore we discuss the observed characteristics and potential benefits of each of the different COFRADIC technologies for proteome analysis and highlight important issues that need to be considered when searching sequence databases using data obtained in peptide-centric, non-gel proteomics studies.

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