The folding, transport and modification of recombinant proteins in the constitutive secretory pathway of eukaryotic cell expression systems are reported to be a bottleneck in their production. We have utilised a proteomic approach to investigate the processes catalysed by proteins constituting the secretory pathway to further our understanding of those processes involved in high-level antibody secretion. We used GS-NS0 cell populations differing in qmAb to prepare enriched microsome fractions from each cell population at mid-exponential growth phase. These were analysed by 2-D PAGE to characterise the microsome protein component and test the hypothesis that bottlenecks in recombinant protein synthesis exist in these compartments, which are alleviated in high producers by the up-regulation of key secretory pathway proteins. Proteins whose abundance changed in a statistically significant manner with increasing qmAb were involved in a range of cellular functions: energy metabolism, mAb folding/assembly, cytoskeletal organisation and protein turnover. Amongst these were BiP and PDI, chaperones resident in the ER that interact with nascent immunoglobulins during their folding/assembly. However, our results suggest that there are diverse mechanisms by which these cells achieve qmAb. The results imply that cell-engineering strategies for improving qmAb should target proteins associated with altered functional phenotype identified in this study.