A proteomic strategy based upon the integrated use of SELDI-TOF/MS, 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/MS has been used to identify a panel of fast muscle protein markers: MLC1F, MLC3F, fast troponin C (STNC) and slow muscle markers: MLC1SB and MLC2v. MLC3F, MLC1F and STNC were virtually absent in the physiologically ‘pure slow’ soleus muscle of kyphoscoliotic mutant mice compared to control BDmice, whereas MLC2v increased threefold. A SELDI-TOF/MS peak at 18 012 Da in spectra from strong anionic exchange protein array fractions of fast vastus muscle was confirmed as STNC by its specific depletion from crude extracts of vastus muscle using an anti-TNC mAb. SELDI-TOF/MS also identified MLC2F phosphorylation in crude muscle extracts after treatment with alkaline phosphatase. High probability protein identifications were achieved by SELDI-TOF/MS PMF based upon the resolution of large peptides formed by partial cleavage and high peptide coverage. When the pI from 2-D gels and molecular weight estimations from SELDI-TOF/MS were entered into the TagIdent algorithm, high probability protein identity predictions were obtained that were confirmed later by PMF. We confirm that SELDI-TOF/MS can be integrated with other proteomics techniques for the efficient analysis of protein expression changes and PTMs associated with physiological changes in skeletal muscle.