Identification of genes alternatively expressed in electromagnetic field (EMF)-exposed cells could provide direct evidence for biological effects of EMF. As there are a few indications so far for certain genes to be influenced by EMF, genome-wide scans of the transcriptome appear to be necessary. Among the several technologies used for genome-wide gene expression analysis, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) is one promising method, which seems particularly applicable for EMF research. This review provides a brief description of the features of gene expression, illustrates the basic principle of SAGE, and discusses the advantages and limitations of SAGE as well as examples of application. This information should help investigators determine if the SAGE technique is an optimal method for evaluating the biological effects of EMF.