Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent

Authors

  • Reetta Nylund,

    1. Functional Proteomics Group, Radiation Biology Laboratory, STUK, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland
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  • Dariusz Leszczynski Dr.

    Corresponding author
    1. Functional Proteomics Group, Radiation Biology Laboratory, STUK, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland
    • STUK-Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Laippatie 4, FIN-00880 Helsinki, Finland Fax: +358-9-75-988-464
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Abstract

We have examined in vitro cell response to mobile phone radiation (900 MHz GSM signal) using two variants of human endothelial cell line: EA.hy926 and EA.hy926v1. Gene expression changes were examined in three experiments using cDNA Expression Arrays and protein expression changes were examined in ten experiments using 2-DE and PDQuest software. Obtained results show that gene and protein expression were altered, in both examined cell lines, in response to one hour mobile phone radiation exposure at an average specific absorption rate of 2.8 W/kg. However, the same genes and proteins were differently affected by the exposure in each of the cell lines. This suggests that the cell response to mobile phone radiation might be genome- and proteome-dependent. Therefore, it is likely that different types of cells and from different species might respond differently to mobile phone radiation or might have different sensitivity to this weak stimulus. Our findings might also explain, at least in part, the origin of discrepancies in replication studies between different laboratories.

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