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Keywords:

  • 2-DE;
  • Human;
  • Proteome;
  • Spermatozoa;
  • Spermatozoon

Abstract

Conventional 1-DE has in the past provided a wealth of information concerning the major sperm proteins. However, so far there are relatively few reports exploiting the potential of the present proteomic tools to identify and to study additional yet-unidentified important proteins present in human spermatozoa. In the present work, 2-DE of proteins extracted from human normozoospermic spermatozoa led to the resolution of over 1000 spots. Subsequent excision from the gels of 145 spots and MALDI-TOF MS analysis allowed the identification of 98 different proteins. The function of these proteins turned out to be energy production (23%), transcription, protein synthesis, transport, folding and turnover (23%), cell cycle, apoptosis and oxidative stress (10%), signal transduction (8%), cytoskeleton, flagella and cell movement (10%), cell recognition (7%), metabolism (6%) and unknown function (11%). As many as 23% of the proteins identified have not been previously described as being expressed in human spermatozoa. The present data provide an important clue towards determining the function of these proteins and opens up the possibility to perform additional experiments.