Peptidases in the extracellular space might affect the integrity of recombinant proteins expressed in, and secreted from, plant cells. To identify extracellular peptidases, we recovered the leaf intercellular fluid from Nicotiana tabacum plants by an infiltration–centrifugation method. The activity of various peptidases was detected by an in vitro assay in the presence of specific inhibitors, using BSA and human serum γ-globulin as substrates. Peptidases were detected by 1- and 2-D zymography in a polyacrylamide gel containing gelatin as substrate. Proteolytic activity was observed over a wide range of molecular masses equal to, or higher than, 45 kDa. To identify the peptidases, the extracellular proteins were digested with trypsin and analyzed by LC and MS. Seventeen peptides showing identity or similarity to predicted plant aspartic, cysteine, and serine peptidases have been identified. The extracellular localization of a cysteine peptidase aleurain homolog was also shown.