Protein interactions with the platelet integrin αIIb regulatory motif

Authors


Abstract

Integrins are transmembrane proteins regulating cellular shape, mobility and the cell cycle. A highly conserved signature motif in the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin α-subunit, KXGFFKR, plays a critical role in regulating integrin function. To date, six proteins have been identified that target this motif of the platelet-specific integrin αIIbβ3. We employ peptide-affinity chromatography followed-up with LC-MS/MS analysis as well as protein chips to identify new potential regulators of integrin function in platelets and put them into their biological context using information from protein:protein interaction (PPI) databases. Totally, 44 platelet proteins bind with high affinity to an immobilized LAMWKVGFFKR-peptide. Of these, seven have been reported in the PPI literature as interactors with integrin α-subunits. 68 recombinant human proteins expressed on the protein chip specifically bind with high affinity to biotin-tagged α-integrin cytoplasmic peptides. Two of these proteins are also identified in the peptide-affinity experiments, one is also found in the PPI databases and a further one is present in the data to all three approaches. Finally, novel short linear interaction motifs are common to a number of proteins identified.

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