Neisseria meningitidis is a commensal of the human nasopharynx occasionally causing invasive disease. In vitro biofilms have been employed to model meningococcal carriage. A proteomic analysis of meningococcal biofilms was conducted and metabolic changes related to oxygen and nutrient limitation and upregulation of proteins involved in ROS defense were observed. The upregulated MntC which protects against ROS was shown to be required for meningococcal biofilm formation, but not for planktonic growth. ROS-induced proteomic changes might train the biofilm to cope with immune effectors.