Maize proteomics: An insight into the biology of an important cereal crop

Authors

  • Olga Pechanova,

    1. Mississippi State Chemical Laboratory, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA
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  • Tomáš Takáč,

    1. Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
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  • Jozef Šamaj,

    1. Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
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  • Tibor Pechan

    Corresponding author
    • Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station,, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA
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Correspondence: Dr. Tibor Pechan, Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA

E-mail: pechan@ra.msstate.edu

Fax: +1-662-325-9264

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most grown cereal crop in the world (839 million tons in 2012). According to its agro-economical importance, maize has received tremendous attention from research communities of academic, state, and industry origin. In this manuscript, we aspire to provide readers with the first comprehensive review of proteomics studies performed on maize within a 1987–2012 time period. The following topics are presented here: maize proteome profiling, developmental proteomics, response to abiotic and biotic stress, maize phosphoproteomics, tissue-specific wild-type versus mutant analyses, heterosis, seed viability, maize allergens, and safety assessment of genetically modified maize. Tissues, organelles, subcellular compartments, secretomes, methods, phenomena, and pertinent proteins were summarized and referenced in tables and figures to provide readers with expediently accessible information in the context of up-to-date achievements. This review illustrates maize proteomics as a firmly established research area with laboratories around the world diligently advancing our knowledge of diverse aspects of maize biology.

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