Proteomic analysis of ganglioside-associated membrane molecules: Substantial basis for molecular clustering


Correspondence: Professor Koichi Furukawa, Department of Biochemistry II, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-0065, Japan


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Ganglioside GD3 is specifically expressed in human melanomas, and plays a role in the enhancement of malignant phenotypes of melanoma cells. To analyze the mechanisms by which GD3 enhances malignant properties and signals in melanomas, it is essential to clarify how GD3 interacts with membrane molecules on the cell membrane. In this study, we performed proteomics analysis of glycolipid-enriched microdomains (GEM) with current sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation of Triton X-100 extracts and MS. We also examined GD3-associated molecules using enzyme-mediated activation of radical sources (EMARS) reaction combined with MS. Comparison of molecules identified as residents in GEM/rafts and those detected by EMARS reaction using an anti-GD3 antibody revealed that a relatively low number of molecules is recruited around GD3, while a number of membrane and secreted molecules was defined in GEM/rafts. These results suggested that EMARS reaction is useful to identify actually interacting molecules with gangliosides such as GD3 on the cell membrane, and many other microdomains than GD3-associating rafts exist. Representative examples of GD3-associated molecules such as neogenin and MCAM were shown.