Examining factors that influence erroneous phosphorylation site localization via competing fragmentation and rearrangement reactions during ion trap CID-MS/MS and -MS3

Authors


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Correspondence: Dr. Gavin E. Reid, Michigan State University, 578 S. Shaw Lane, Chemistry Building, Room 229, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA

E-mail: reid@chemistry.msu.edu

Fax: +1-517-353-1793

Abstract

Factors influencing the magnitude of competing fragmentation and intramolecular phosphate group rearrangement reactions during CID-MS/MS and CID-MS3 of protonated phosphopeptide ions in ion trap mass spectrometers, and their effect on phosphorylation site localization using automated search algorithms, have been examined by systematically varying the peptide composition, the identity, number, and position of the phosphorylated “donor” and nonphosphorylated “acceptor” residues, and the proton mobility of the precursor ion charge states for a synthetic phosphopeptide library. CID-MS3 of product ions formed via combined neutral losses of HPO3 and H2O, rather than direct loss of H3PO4 from phosphotyrosine containing peptides yielded incorrect phosphorylation site assignments, while correct phosphorylation site assignments for phosphothreonine and phosphoserine containing peptides were highly dependant on the relative abundance of these competing fragmentation pathways. Abundant phosphate group rearrangement product ions were observed from CID-MS/MS of multiply protonated phosphopeptide ions, with increased rearrangement under nonmobile or partially mobile protonation conditions, and as a function of the identity and number of the donor and acceptor residues. A clear inverse trend was observed between the amplitude of these rearrangement reactions and the confidence for phosphorylation site localization, and rearrangement played a contributing role in erroneous phosphorylation site assignment for several peptides.

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