Microglia are major immune cells in the central nervous system. A characterization of microglia proteome would facilitate on the study of microglial functions in association with various neurodegenerative diseases. To build a reference proteome, we established a BV-2 microglial proteome to a depth of 5494 unique protein groups using a novel strategy that combined FASP, StageTip-based high pH fractionation, and high-resolution MS quickly and cost efficiently. By bioinformatics analysis, the BV-2 proteome is a valuable resource for studies of microglial function, such as in the immune response, inflammatory response, and phagocytosis. All MS data have been deposited in the ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD000168.