• Imaging mass spectrometry;
  • Technology;
  • Top-down proteomics

Laser ablation ESI (LAESI) is a recent development in MS imaging. It has been shown that lipids and small metabolites can be imaged in various samples such as plant material, tissue sections or bacterial colonies without any sample pretreatment. Further, LAESI has been shown to produce multiply charged protein ions from liquids or solid surfaces. This presents a means to address one of the biggest challenges in MS imaging; the identification of proteins directly from biological tissue surfaces. Such identification is hindered by the lack of multiply charged proteins in common MALDI ion sources and the difficulty of performing tandem MS on such large, singly charged ions. We present here top-down identification of intact proteins from tissue with a LAESI ion source combined with a hybrid ion-trap FT-ICR mass spectrometer. The performance of the system was first tested with a standard protein with electron capture dissociation and infrared multiphoton dissociation fragmentation to prove the viability of LAESI FT-ICR for top-down proteomics. Finally, the imaging of a tissue section was performed, where a number of intact proteins were measured and the hemoglobin α chain was identified directly from tissue using CID and infrared multiphoton dissociation fragmentation.