Polymerization of α-methylene-N-methylpyrrolidone
Article first published online: 11 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1983 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Chemistry Edition
Volume 21, Issue 4, pages 1139–1149, April 1983
How to Cite
Ueda, M., Takahashi, M., Suzuki, T., Imai, Y. and Pittman, C. U. (1983), Polymerization of α-methylene-N-methylpyrrolidone. J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chem. Ed., 21: 1139–1149. doi: 10.1002/pol.1983.170210420
- Issue published online: 11 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 11 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 OCT 1982
- Manuscript Received: 10 SEP 1982
α-Methylene-N-methylpyrrolidone (α-MMP) was synthesized and homopolymerized by bulk and solution methods. The poly(α-MMP) is readily soluble in water, methanol, methylene chloride, and dipolar aprotic solvents at room temperature. Thermogravimetric analysis of poly(α-MMP) showed a 10% weight loss at 330°C in air. The kinetics of α-MMP homopolymerization and copolymerization were investigated in acetonitrile, using azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as an initiator. The rate of polymerization Rp could be expresed by Rp = k[AIBN]0.49[α-MMP]1.3. The overall activation energy was calculated to be 84.1 kj/mol. The relative reactivity ratios of α-MMP (M2) copolymerization with methyl methacrylate (r1 = 0.59, r2 = 0.26) in acetonitrile were obtained. Applying the Q-e scheme led to Q = 2.18 and e = 1.77. These Q and e values are larger than those for acrylamide derivatives.