Kinetics of successive seeding of monodisperse polystyrene latexes. I. Initiation via potassium persulfate
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1986 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume 24, Issue 12, pages 3499–3513, December 1986
How to Cite
Sudol, E. D., El-Aasser, M. S. and Vanderhoff, J. W. (1986), Kinetics of successive seeding of monodisperse polystyrene latexes. I. Initiation via potassium persulfate. J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem., 24: 3499–3513. doi: 10.1002/pola.1986.080241230
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 FEB 1986
- Manuscript Received: 29 JAN 1986
The polymerization kinetics of monodisperse polystyrene latexes prepared via successive seeding were studied in the region between Smith-Ewart Case 2 (n̄ = 1/2) and Case 3 (n̄ ≫ 1). Potassium persulfate was used as the initiator. The kinetics were measured in a piston/cylinder dilatometer designed for microgravity experiments. A recipe formulation method was developed by which a constant emulsifier (Aerosol-MA) surface coverage was maintained throughout a sequence, beginning with a 0.19 μm polystyrene seed. Monodisperse latexes up to 1 μm in size were prepared using 0.5 mM K2S2O8 with a 4% emulsifier surface coverage. The polymerizations were commenced in Interval III, the particles being swollen with twice their weight in monomer. The kinetics were characterized by the autoacceleration of the gel effect with the overall polymerization rate decreasing with increasing particle size (decreasing Np). The Case 2 to Case 3 kinetic transition was experienced in the first seeding step, however, independence of the rate on the number of particles was not evident even at high values of n̄ (n̄ > 10). This was attributed to a dependency of the free radical capture efficiency on the particle size (constant solids). Corroborating indirect evidence was supplied through surface charge analysis and detailed examination of the polymerization kinetics.