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Phenylglycine derivatives as coinitiators for the radical photopolymerization of acidic aqueous formulations



Aromatic amines are known to give very poor performance as coinitiators for camphorquinone in the photopolymerization of acidic aqueous formulations. Differential scanning photocalorimetry investigations using N-phenylglycine (NPG) as an alternative coinitiator proved the suitability of this derivative. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the generally poor photoreactivity had to be assigned to the presence of water and not to the acidity of the formulation. The poor storage stability of NPG-containing formulations was significantly improved by derivatives containing electron-withdrawing substituents in the para position of the aromatic moiety, and the photoreactivity was kept at a very high level. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 44: 115–125, 2006