Novel organosoluble and colorless poly(ether imide)s based on 3,3-bis[4-(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)phenyl]phthalide dianhydride and aromatic bis(ether amine)s bearing pendent trifluoromethyl groups

Authors

  • Chin-Ping Yang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tatung University, 40 Chungshan North Road, 3rd Section, Taipei 104, Taiwan
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Tatung University, 40 Chungshan North Road, 3rd Section, Taipei 104, Taiwan
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  • Yu-Yang Su

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tatung University, 40 Chungshan North Road, 3rd Section, Taipei 104, Taiwan
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Abstract

A novel series of colorless and highly organosoluble poly(ether imide)s were prepared from 3,3-bis[4-(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)phenyl]phthalide dianhydride with various fluorinated aromatic bis(ether amine)s via a conventional two-stage process that included ring-opening polyaddition to form the poly(amic acid)s followed by cyclodehydration to produce the polymer films. The poly(ether imide)s showed excellent solubility, with most of them dissoluble at a concentration of 10 wt % in amide polar solvents, in ether-type solvents, and even in chlorinated solvents. Their films had a cutoff wavelength between 358 and 373 nm, and the yellowness index ranged from 3.1 to 9.5. The glass-transition temperatures of the poly(ether imide) series were recorded between 237 and 297 °C, the decomposition temperatures at 10% weight loss were all above 494 °C, and the residue was more than 54% at 800 °C in nitrogen. These films showed high tensile strength and also were characterized by higher solubility, lighter color, and lower dielectric constants and moisture absorption than an analogous nonfluorinated polyimide series. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 44: 3140–3152, 2006

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