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Synthesis of random polyampholyte brushes by atom transfer radical polymerization

Authors

  • Sarah Sanjuan,

    1. Laboratoire de Physico-chimie des Polymères et des Milieux Dispersés, ESPCI, UPMC Univ Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7615, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France
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  • Yvette Tran

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Physico-chimie des Polymères et des Milieux Dispersés, ESPCI, UPMC Univ Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7615, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France
    • Laboratoire de Physico-chimie des Polymères et des Milieux Dispersés, ESPCI, UPMC Univ Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7615, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France
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Abstract

We report the synthesis of random polyampholyte brushes containing 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and methacrylic acid (MAA). The preparation of polyampholyte brushes is performed by the “grafting from” strategy using surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The first step consists in the formation of the self-assembled monolayer of the ATRP initiator. Secondly, the chains are grown from the surface by controlled/“living” radical polymerization. The random copolymer brushes and the corresponding homopolymers brushes containing 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate and tert-butyl methacrylate (tBuMA) are prepared. The last step is the deprotection of the tBuMA form to the MAA segment by in situ hydrolysis reaction. The annealed DMAEMA group can also be converted to the quenched form by in situ quaternization reaction. This results in the formation of “annealed” and “semiannealed” polyampholyte brushes. The “annealed” polyampholyte corresponds to the random copolymer that contains only annealed units, weak acid and weak base. The “semiannealed” polyampholyte consists of the mixture of annealed (weak acid) and quenched (quaternized segment) units. Polyampholyte brushes with various grafting densities are synthesized and carefully characterized using surface techniques such as ellipsometry and FTIR-ATR. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 4305–4319, 2008

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