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Synthesis and characterization of oligo(oxyethylene)/carbosilane copolymers for thermoset elastomers via ADMET

Authors

  • Piotr P. Matloka,

    1. The George and Josephine Butler Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200
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  • Zachary Kean,

    1. The George and Josephine Butler Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200
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  • Meghan Greenfield,

    1. The George and Josephine Butler Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200
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  • Kenneth B. Wagener

    Corresponding author
    1. The George and Josephine Butler Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200
    • The George and Josephine Butler Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200
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Abstract

Acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerization has been used to synthesize latent reactive processable elastomers constructed of carbosilane and polyether segments. Two types of latent modes have been introduced: “chain-internal” and “chain-end” sites through the use of labile silicon methoxy functionalities. These latent reactive groups are inert when exposed to metathesis conditions allowing formation of the linear copolymer; subsequently exposure to moisture triggers hydrolysis of the methoxy groups and formation of a chemically crosslinked thermoset. The thermoset's mechanical response can be potentially varied from plastic to elastic behavior, depending on the ratio of carbosilane and oligooxyethylene monomers employed. Different lengths of glycols and numbers of methylene groups between them in the polymer backbone have been investigated to explore structure/property relationship. Polymers composed of oligooxyethylenes with eight methylene groups in between them exhibited fully amorphous character, while the ones with up to 20 methylene groups between glycol units showed their semicrystalline nature. The concentration of “chain-internal” and “chain-end” crosslink sites enhances strength; modification to the run length and structure of the soft phase enhances elasticity. Resultant materials have been subjected to mechanical tests using Instron; generated stress/strain curves have shown plastic and elastic behavior. Depending on the composition obtained samples have shown moduli from 0.3 to 115 MPa, tensile strengths from 0.6 to 10 MPa and elongations from 20 to 700%. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 3992–4011, 2008

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