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One-pot synthesis of star-block copolymers using double click reactions



3-Arm star-block copolymers, (polystyrene-b-poly(methyl methacrylate))3, (PS-b-PMMA)3, and (polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene glycol))3, (PS-b-PEG)3, are prepared using double-click reactions: Huisgen and Diels–Alder, with a one-pot technique. PS and PMMA blocks with α-anthracene-ω-azide- and α-maleimide-end-groups, respectively, are achieved using suitable initiators in ATRP of styrene and MMA, respectively. However, PEG obtained from a commercial source is reacted with 3-acetyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2-carboxamide (7) to give furan-protected maleimide-end-functionalized PEG. Finally, PS/PMMA and PS/PEG blocks are linked efficiently with trialkyne functional linking agent 1,1,1-tris[4-(2-propynyloxy)phenyl]-ethane 2 in the presence of CuBr/N,N,N′,N″,N″-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA) at 120 °C for 48 h to give two samples of 3-arm star-block copolymers. The results of the peak splitting using a Gaussian deconvolution of the obtained GPC traces for (PS-b-PMMA)3 and (PS-b-PEG)3 displayed that the yields of target 3-arm star-block copolymers were found to be 88 and 82%, respectively. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 7091–7100, 2008