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Spontaneous crosslinking of poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) originating from ether bond fragmentation

Authors

  • Anders Höglund,

    1. Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
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  • Ann-Christine Albertsson

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    • Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
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Abstract

The spontaneous reaction of unsaturated double bonds induced by the fragmentation of ether bonds is presented as a method to obtain a crosslinked polymer material. Poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) (PDXO) was synthesized using three different polymerization techniques to investigate the influence of the synthesis conditions on the ether bond fragmentation. It was found that thermal fragmentation of the ether bonds in the polymer main chain occurred when the synthesis temperature was 140 °C or higher. The double bonds produced reacted spontaneously to form crosslinks between the polymer chains. The formation of a network structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and differential scanning calorimetry. In addition, the low molar mass species released during hydrolysis of the DXO polymers were monitored by ESI-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS. Ether bond fragmentation also occurred during the ionization in the electrospray instrument, but predominantly in the lower mass region. No fragmentation took place during MALDI ionization, but it was possible to detect water-soluble DXO oligomers with a molar mass up to approximately 5000 g/mol. The results show that ether bond fragmentation can be used to form a network structure of PDXO. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 7258–7267, 2008

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