Redox initiated cationic polymerization: Reduction of diaryliodonium salts by 9-BBN

Authors

  • James V. Crivello

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    1. Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th Street, Troy, New York 12180
    • Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th Street, Troy, New York 12180
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Abstract

Diaryliodonium salts undergo facile reduction by the dialkylborane, 9-BBN. The combination of these two reagents constitutes a redox couple that can be employed as a convenient and versatile initiator system for the cationic polymerizations of styrenic monomers, vinyl ethers and the ring-opening polymerizations of cyclic ethers and acetals including; epoxides, oxetanes, tetrahydrofuran, and 1,3,5-trioxane. The polymerizations of these monomers can be carried out in either neat monomer or under solution conditions. Typically, the redox cationic polymerizations of the above monomers are rapid and exothermic. Optical pyrometry (infrared thermography) was employed as a convenient method with which to monitor and optimize the aforementioned redox initiated cationic polymerizations. Studies of the effects of variations in the structure and concentrations of the diaryliodonium salt and 9-BBN on the polymerizations of various monomers were carried out. A mechanism for the redox cationic initiation of the polymerizations was proposed. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 5639–5651, 2009

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