This article is dedicated to Dr. W. Eamon Carroll, deceased May 2007 at age 59, for his leadership, scientific insight, and tireless efforts to make polyvinylamines a commercial success.
Polyvinylamine at last†
Article first published online: 26 APR 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume 48, Issue 11, pages 2257–2283, 1 June 2010
How to Cite
Pinschmidt, R. K. (2010), Polyvinylamine at last. J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem., 48: 2257–2283. doi: 10.1002/pola.23992
- Issue published online: 26 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 26 APR 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Received: 17 FEB 2010
- amine functional polymers;
- radical polymerization;
- water-soluble polymers
A sustained effort to develop and commercialize a practical radical addition route to amine functional polymers (AFPs) resulted, after almost 20 years, in the successful completion of a world scale monomer plant to produce N-vinylformamide (NVF). NVF is readily polymerized and its polymers are easily hydrolyzed to reactive and atom economical polyvinylamine (PVAm) or its salts. This highlight touches on work by many companies, but focuses on efforts at Air Products and Chemicals, tracing the origins, rational, challenges, technical and commercial advances, and failures. Practical routes to new AFPs, copolymers, and derivatives across the entire molecular weight range (MW < 103 to >106) were achieved. NVF offers access to multiple water soluble, water dispersible, and nonwater soluble polymer markets, including papermaking additives and coatings, water treatment polymers, enhanced oil recovery polymers, radiation cure monomers, stabilizers, dispersing agents, surfactants, and crosslinkers. Lessons learned along the road to commercializing major new chemical technologies are also highlighted. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 48: 2257–2283, 2010