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Keywords:

  • acetylene;
  • chiral;
  • core-shell polymers;
  • emulsion polymerization;
  • nanoparticles

Abstract

A facile methodology was developed to prepare a novel type of core/shell nanoparticles (NPs) with optical activity and with chemical bonds between the cores and shells. The cores were prepared via catalytic emulsion copolymerization of substituted acetylene comonomers in which one monomer contains azo groups in side chains. For preparing the core/shell NPs, the azo groups in the seed particles (i.e., cores) subsequently act as initiators for vinyl monomer to undergo free radical polymerizations, yielding the shells. This situation resulted in chemical bonds between cores and shells. Both the seed emulsion and core/shell nanoparticle emulsion exhibited optical activity, derived from the polyacetylenes adopting helical conformation of predominant handedness. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2010