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Metallocene supported on a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-modified silica: Structural characterization and catalytic activity for ethylene polymerization

Authors

  • Ivan García-Orozco,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centro Conjunto de Investigación en Química Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Km 14.5 Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, Toluca, México CP 50200, Mexico
    • Centro Conjunto de Investigación en Química Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Km 14.5 Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, Toluca, México CP 50200, Mexico
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  • Teresa Velilla,

    1. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil Química y Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile y Centro para la Investigación Interdisciplinaria Avanzada en Ciencia de los Materiales, Beaucheff 861, Santiago, Chile
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  • Griselda B. Galland,

    1. Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brazil
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  • Joaõ Henrique Z. dos Santos,

    1. Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brazil
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  • Roberto J.J. Williams,

    1. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, J. B. Justo 4302, 7600 Mar del Plata, Argentina
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  • Raúl Quijada

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil Química y Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile y Centro para la Investigación Interdisciplinaria Avanzada en Ciencia de los Materiales, Beaucheff 861, Santiago, Chile
    • Departamento de Ingeniería Civil Química y Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile y Centro para la Investigación Interdisciplinaria Avanzada en Ciencia de los Materiales, Beaucheff 861, Santiago, Chile
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Abstract

Preliminary results on the activity of metallocene supported over a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified silica for ethylene polymerization (Bianchini et al., J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 2005, 43, 5465–5476) were extended showing the effect of large variations of the amount of both POSS and metallocene on the catalyst activity. Diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy results showed that at low concentrations (<1 wt %), POSS was physically adsorbed on SiOH groups present in the silica surface through H-bonds. At larger concentrations, POSS was adsorbed by covalent bonds with the silica surface. The metallocene catalyst was adsorbed either on the silica surface by interactions with residual SiOH groups or in the organic branches of the POSS. It was found that the highest contribution to the catalyst activity arose from the metallocene directly adsorbed on the silica support. The effect of POSS to increase the catalyst activity was mainly due to its effect as a horizontal spacer of metallocene molecules adsorbed on the silica surface. An optimum range of POSS and metallocene adsorbed on the silica support was found that gave catalyst activities close to the one of the homogeneous system while doubling the molar mass of the polyethylene produced. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2010

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