Ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters promoted by phosphido-diphosphine pincer group 3 complexes

Authors

  • Ilaria D'auria,

    1. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Salerno, via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mina Mazzeo,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Salerno, via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    • Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Salerno, via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Daniela Pappalardo,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dipartimento di Studi Geologici ed Ambientali, Università del Sannio, via dei Mulini 59/A, I-82100, Benevento, Italy
    • Dipartimento di Studi Geologici ed Ambientali, Università del Sannio, via dei Mulini 59/A, I-82100, Benevento, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marina Lamberti,

    1. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Salerno, via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Claudio Pellecchia

    1. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Salerno, via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Phosphido-diphosphine Group 3 metal complexes 1–4 [(o-C6H4PR2)2P-M(CH2SiMe3)2; R = Ph, 1: M = Y, 2: M = Sc; R = iPr, 3: M = Y, 4: M = Sc] are very efficient catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters such as ε-caprolactone (ε-CL), L-lactide, and δ-valerolactone under mild polymerization conditions. In the ROP of ε-CL, complexes 1–4 promote quantitative conversion of high amount of monomer (up to 3000 equiv) with very high turnover frequencies (TOF) (∼4 × 104 molCL/molI h) showing a catalytic activity among the highest reported in the literature. The immortal and living ROP of ε-CL and L-lactide is feasible by combining complexes 1–4 with 5 equiv of 2-propanol. Polymers with controlled molecular parameters (Mn, end groups) and low polydispersities (Mw/Mn = 1.05–1.09) are formed as a result of fast alkoxide/alcohol exchange. In the ROP of δ-valerolactone, complexes 1–4 showed the same activity observed for lactide (L- and D,L-lactide) producing high molecular weight polymers with narrow distribution of molar masses. Complexes 1–4 also promote the ROP of rac-β butyrolactone affording atactic low molecular weight poly(hydroxybutyrate) bearing unsaturated end groups probably generated by elimination reactions. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2011

Ancillary