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Side chain crosslinking of aromatic polyethers for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell applications

Authors

  • Andrea Vöge,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece
    2. Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Processes (FORTH-ICE/HT), Patras 26504, Greece
    • Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece
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  • Valadoula A. Deimede,

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece
    2. Advent Technologies S.A., Research and Development Company, Patras Science Park, Stadiou Street, Patras 26504, Greece
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  • Joannis K. Kallitsis

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras 26500, Greece
    2. Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Processes (FORTH-ICE/HT), Patras 26504, Greece
    3. Advent Technologies S.A., Research and Development Company, Patras Science Park, Stadiou Street, Patras 26504, Greece
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Abstract

Novel aromatic polymers bearing polar pyridine units in the main chain and side chain crosslinkable hydroxyl and propargyl groups have been successfully synthesized. The polymers have been investigated in terms of their critical properties related to their application in high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, such as doping ability, mechanical properties, and thermal stability. Crosslinked membranes were prepared by direct crosslinking of hydroxyl side chain groups with decafluorobiphenyl used for the first time as a crosslinking agent. However, further functionalization of hydroxyl groups to the propargyl derivative has also led to crosslinked polymers after thermal curing. Both types of crosslinked membranes exhibited higher glass transition temperatures as well as lower doping levels when doped in phosphoric acid compared with the non crosslinked analogs, confirming the formation of a successfully crosslinked network. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012

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