Chemical modification of poly(ethylene-co-methyl acrylate-co-maleic anhydride) for cathodic electrodepositions

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Abstract

This study is concerned with the development of new polymers that could be deposited via cathodic electrocoating methods on metal surfaces. The synthetic strategy is based on the incorporation of cationic functionalities into commercial polymers. Polyalkyl acrylic or methacrylic ester copolymers were reacted with primary or secondary amines and aminoalkanols or their mixtures. Depending on the proportion of the acrylic or methacrylic ester in the starting material and the extent of the chemical modification, the resulting amide functionalized polymers are soluble or dispersible in water and could be used as aqueous dispersions for cathodic electrodepositions. Hindered amine catalysts, such as diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, accelerate the chemical transformation leading to higher level of functionalization. Among different amines screened, mixtures of oleylamine and ethanolamine proved to produce the best results. A poly(ethylene-co-methyl acrylate-co-maleic anhydride) [poly(E-co-MA-co-MAH)] was aminolyzed in solution with a mixture of 50/50 (mol % ratio) of oleylamine/ethanolamine and used to generate aqueous dispersions via phase inversion from methyl isobutyl ketone solutions. These dispersions exhibit particle sizes in the submicron range and zeta potential values indicating a good stability. They could be electrodeposited to give films of high elasticity according to the nanomechanical tests. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012

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