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Novel amphiphilic block copolymers derived from the selective fluorination and sulfonation of poly(styrene-block-1,3-cyclohexadiene)

Authors

  • Tianzi Huang,

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996
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  • Jamie M. Messman,

    1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831
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  • Kunlun Hong,

    1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831
    2. Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831
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  • Jimmy W. Mays

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996
    2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831
    3. Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831
    • Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996
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Abstract

Diblock copolymers of polystyrene-block-(1,3-cyclohexadiene) (PS-b-PCHD), with varied molecular weights and compositions, were synthesized by sequential polymerization of styrene and 1,3-cyclohexadiene (CHD) initiated by sec-butyllithium in cyclohexane in the presence of appropriate additives during formation of the PCHD block. The residual double bonds in the PCHD block were saturated by addition of in situ generated difluorocarbene and/or hydrogen to enhance thermal and chemical stability. The fluorinated and/or hydrogenated polydiene blocks were chemically stable, allowing for controlled sulfonation of the PS blocks using acetyl sulfate. 1H NMR and FT-IR characterization confirmed successful fluorination/hydrogenation and sulfonation of the respective blocks. The resulting amphiphilic block copolymers consist of a semiflexible fluorine-containing hydrophobic block having a bridged double ring structure and a hydrophilic sulfonated PS block. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012

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