Charge carrier mobility, photovoltaic, and electroluminescent properties of anthracene-based conjugated polymers bearing randomly distributed side chains

Authors

  • Özlem Usluer,

    1. Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
    2. Department of Chemistry, Mugla University, Kotekli, 48000 Mugla, Turkey
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  • Christian Kästner,

    1. Institute of Physics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Weimarer-Str. 32, 98693 Ilmenau, Germany
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  • Mamatimin Abbas,

    1. Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
    2. Laboratoire IMS,Université Bordeaux 1, UMR 5218 CNRS, ENSCBP, 16 Avenue Pey-Berland, 33607 Pessac Cedex, France
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  • Christoph Ulbricht,

    1. Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
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  • Vera Cimrova,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovský Sq. 2, 16206 Prague 6, Czech Republic
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  • Andreas Wild,

    1. Institute for Organic Chemistry and Makromolecular Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Humboldtstr. 10, 07743 Jena, Germany
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  • Eckhard Birckner,

    1. Institute of Physical Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Lessingstr. 10, 07743 Jena, Germany
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  • Nalan Tekin,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Kocaeli University, Umuttepe, 41380 Kocaeli, Turkey
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  • Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci,

    1. Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
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  • Harald Hoppe,

    1. Institute of Physics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Weimarer-Str. 32, 98693 Ilmenau, Germany
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  • Silke Rathgeber,

    1. Institut für Integrierte Naturwissenschaften, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Universitätsstr. 1, 56070 Koblenz, Germany
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  • Daniel A. M. Egbe

    Corresponding author
    1. Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
    • Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells, Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenbergerstr. 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
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Abstract

This article reports on the synthesis, characterization, and properties of various anthracene-containing poly (p-phenylene-ethynylene)-alt-poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) (PPE-PPV) polymers (AnE-PVs) bearing statistical distributions of various side chains. Primarily, the ratio of linear octyloxy and branched 2-ethylhexyloxy side chains at the poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) parts was varied, leading to the polymers stat, stat1, and stat2. Furthermore, polymers also containing asymmetric substituted PPV and poly(p-phenylene ethynylene) units (bearing methoxy and 2-ethylhexyloxy side chains) were prepared yielding stat3, stat4, and stat5. These materials exhibit a broad variation in their photovoltaic properties. It is once more shown that side chains and their distribution can crucially affect the photovoltaic device performance. The introduction of units with asymmetric substitution into these systems seems to be harmful for their utilization in photovoltaic applications. Organic field-effect transistors were fabricated to investigate hole mobilities in these new materials. Large variance was observed, falling in the range of almost two orders of magnitude, indicating rather different π–π stacking behavior of the polymer backbones owing to side-chain modifications. Moreover, a selection of the new polymeric systems was investigated regarding their potential for light-emitting diode (LED) applications. Polymer LEDs using the polymers AnE-PVstat, -stat3, -stat4, and -stat5, as the active layer showed turn-on voltage of ∼2 V and exhibited red light emission. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2012

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