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Photoinitiated polymerization of acrylate, methacrylate, and vinyl ether end-functional polyisobutylene macromonomers



Polyisobutylene-based UV cured networks potentially useful as sealants were synthesized by photopolymerization of well-defined polyisobutylene methacrylate (PIB-MA), acrylate (PIB-A) and vinyl ether (PIB-VE) di- and trifunctional macromonomers. The kinetics of photocrosslinking were measured using an optical pyrometer apparatus and optimized with respect to different experimental parameters. PIB-MA/A macromonomers displayed enhanced reactivity in radical photopolymerization in the presence of a bis(acylphosphine) oxide photoinitator. PIB-VE macromonomers exhibited a high rates of photopolymerization with (4-n-octyloxyphenyl)phenyliodonium hexafluroantimonate as the photoinitiator. The rates as well as the ultimate monomer conversions were increased by increasing the irradiation light intensity. The inherent induction period associated with oxygen inhibition in the photopolymerization of PIB-MA was significantly reduced by optimizing the choice of photoinitiator. A detailed investigation of the concentration of MA/A/VE end groups revealed the presence of a prominent saturation effect in the photopolymerization of PIB-A, which was absent with PIB-MA and PIB-VE. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013