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Keywords:

  • FT-IR;
  • gel permeation chromatography (GPC);
  • NMR;
  • polysiloxane;
  • structure

Abstract

Poly(methylsilsesquioxane) (PMSQ) was synthesized using a two-step process consisting of hydrolysis of methyl trimethoxysilane (MTMS) with aluminum chelate catalyst and successive condensation reactions conducted at elevated temperatures. Results of nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared measurements show that all terminal functional groups were Si[BOND]OH in PMSQ. Results show further that PMSQ has both a cage structure and a network structure, and a cage/network ratio is represented by a height ratio of −64.5/−66.6 ppm. PMSQ of different molecular weight but the same Si[BOND]OH concentration is obtainable by varying the condensation reaction conditions such as the concentration, temperature, amount of aluminum chelate catalyst, and the solvent solubility parameter. A difference of the cage/network ratio occurs. A different cage/network ratio is dependent on the different reactivities of the intramolecular and intermolecular reactions. The relations of molecular structure of the obtained PMSQ molecular structure were characterized along with functions of storage stability, film hardness, and weather resistance. PMSQ designed with a larger cage/network ratio is necessary to obtain PMSQ with good storage stability and a coating film having good weather resistance. PMSQ designed with a smaller cage/network ratio should be prepared to obtain a coating film with high hardness. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013