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Keywords:

  • branched;
  • biomaterials;
  • dendrimers;
  • Michael addition;
  • thiol-yne

Abstract

We report a highly efficient approach to prepare dendrimers by taking advantage of the orthogonal characteristic of aza-Michael addition and thiol-yne reactions. A fifth generation dendrimer was synthesized within five steps without protection/activation procedures. The reactions proceed under benign conditions without byproducts, and the target products can be easily purified via extraction or precipitation without chromatography. The structure of each generation dendrimer was characterized using NMR spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography, and mass spectrometry. The obtained dendrimers can have peripheral amine or alkyne groups. We demonstrated that these groups can be used for selective and specific conjugation with various functional groups. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013