Emulsifier-free, organotellurium-mediated living radical emulsion polymerization (emulsion TERP): Effect of monomer hydrophilicity

Authors

  • Yukiya Kitayama,

    1. Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
    Current affiliation:
    1. Yukiya Kitayama, Materials Research Laboratory (MRL), University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), California 93106-5121
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  • Kazuya Kishida,

    1. Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
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  • Masayoshi Okubo

    Corresponding author
    1. Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
    2. Smart Spheres Workshop Co. Ltd., 2-1-214-122, Koyo-Naka, Higashi-Nada, Kobe 658-0032, Japan
    • Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
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Abstract

Emulsifier-free, organotellurium-mediated living radical emulsion polymerizations (emulsion TERPs) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and n-butyl methacrylate (BMA) with dimethyl ditelluride were carried out at two different stirring rates (220 rpm and 1000 rpm). In the emulsion TERP of MMA as a hydrophilic monomer, the molecular weight distribution (MWD) controls with both stirring rates were good with high polymerization rate (100% conversion at 1.5 h). On the other hand, in the emulsion TERP of BMA as a hydrophobic monomer, at 220 rpm the polymerization rate was much slow (∼50% conversion at 22 h) and the MWD control was bad, but at 1000 rpm the polymerization was completed within 7 h and MWD control was good. These results suggest that monomer transportation from droplets to polymerizing particles via aqueous medium is important for good MWD control and steady polymerization in the emulsion TERP. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013

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