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An H-shaped polymer bonding β-cyclodextrin at branch points: Synthesis and influences of attached β-cyclodextrins on physical properties

Authors

  • Cheng-Guang Mu,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Xiao-Dong Fan,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
    • The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Wei Tian,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
    • The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Yang Bai,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhen Yang,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Hao Yao,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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  • Heng Chen

    1. The Key Laboratory of Space Applied Physics and Chemistry, Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science and Technology, School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

We report on the synthesis of an H-shaped polymer bonding β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) at branch points and influences of attached β-CD on physical properties. First, a poly(ethylene glycol)(PEG)-based functional macroinitiator bearing two azidos and four chlorines at chain-ends (PEG-2N3(-4Cl)) was prepared via terminal modification reactions. Then, PEG-2N3(-4Cl) was applied to initiate the atom transfer radical polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide, leading to the synthesis of an H-shaped block polymer with PEG as the central chain and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) as side-arms (PEG-2N3(-4PNIPAM)). Azido groups were at the branch points of the polymer. Finally, the click reaction between PEG-2N3(-4PNIPAM) and alkynyl monosubstituted β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) afforded another H-shaped polymer with two β-CDs bonding at the polymer branch points (PEG-2CD(-4PNIPAM)). The glass transition temperature (Tg) and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the H-shaped polymer increased after the attachment of β-CD. The self-assembly and thermal responsive behaviors, as well as the encapsulation behaviors of PEG-2CD(-4PNIPAM) were also altered. When temperature was below the LCSTs, PEG-2N3(-2PNIPAM) dissolved in water molecularly, whereas PEG-2CD(-4PNIPAM) could self-assemble into nano-sized micelles. After the LCST transitions, PEG-2N3(-4PNIPAM) aggregated into micron-sized unstable particles, whereas PEG-2CD(-4PNIPAM) transformed into PNIPAM-cored nanomicelles. Besides, PEG-2CD(-4PNIPAM) can encapsulate doxorubicin below its LCST due to the formation of micelles. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013

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