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Synthesis, thermal, and photocrosslinking studies of thermotropic liquid crystalline poly(benzylidene-ether)esters containing α,β-unsaturated ketone moiety in the main chain

Authors

  • Athianna Muthusamy,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore 641020, India
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  • Krishnasamy Balaji,

    1. Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Basic Sciences—Chemistry, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India
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  • Salem Chandrasekaran Murugavel

    Corresponding author
    1. Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Basic Sciences—Chemistry, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India
    • Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Basic Sciences—Chemistry, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore 641004, India
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Abstract

A series of poly(benzylidene-ether)esters containing a photoreactive benzylidene chromophore in the main chain were synthesized from 2,6-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (BHMBCH) with various aliphatic and aromatic diacid chlorides by an interfacial polycondensation technique. The intrinsic viscosity of the synthesized homo and copolymers determined by Ubbelohde viscometer was found to be 0.12 to 0.17 dL/g. The molecular structure of the monomer and polymers was confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectral analyses. These polymers were studied for their thermal stability and photochemical properties. Thermal properties were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the polymers were stable up to 280 °C and start degrading thereafter. Increase in acid methylene spacer length decreased the thermal stability. The self-extinguishing property of the synthesized polymers was studied by calculating the limiting oxygen index (LOI) value using a Van Krevelen's equation. The influence of the length of methylene spacer on phase transition was investigated using DSC and odd-even effect has been observed. Hot-stage optical polarizing microscopic (HOPM) study showed that most of the polymers exhibited birefringence and opalescence properties. The photolysis of liquid crystalline poly(benzylidene-ether)esters revealed that α,β-unsaturated ketone moiety in the main chain dimerises through 2π + 2π cycloaddition reaction to form a cyclobutane derivative and leads to crosslinking. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2013

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