High molecular weight poly(ethylene-2,5-furanoate); critical aspects in synthesis and mechanical property determination


Correspondence to: R. Knoop (E-mail: Rutger.knoop@wur.nl) or D. S. van Es (E-mail: Daan.vanes@wur.nl)


Furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is a widely advocated renewable substitute for terephthalic acid (TA). Preparation of high molecular weight FDCA based polyesters by an industrially common combination of melt polymerization and subsequent solid state post condensation is described. Ultimately, poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) (PEF) with absolute Mn = 83,000 g mol−1 is obtained, determined by triple detection Size Exclusion Chromatography. The bulk polymer properties of FDCA based polyesters, necessary to evaluate their industrial potential were determined the Young's modulus of PEF is determined to be 2450 ± 220 MPa and the maximum stress 35 ± 8 MPa. The influence of crystallinity on the mechanical properties as function of temperature was determined by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. A detailed differential scanning calorimetry study on the crystallization behavior of high molecular weight PEF allowed to calculate the equilibrium melting temperature (Tm0) of 239.3 and 239.7 °C for the first and second melting peak, respectively. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 4191–4199