Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Han Mo Jeong, Youngil Lee and Anjanapura Venkataramanaiah Raghu
The MWCNTs-thiophene polymer core-sheath composite nanocables were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) with oxidant (FeCl3) in the presence of cationic surfactant, deceyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB) that acts as the structure-directing agen. In the polymerization process, DTAB surfactant molecules were adsorbed on the surface of MWCNTs and forms MWCNTs-DTAB soft template. On the addition of EDOT and oxidant, the polymerization takes place on the surface of MWCNTs, and PEDOT is gradually deposited on the surface of MWCNTs. The resulting nanocomposites have the nanocable structure as shown in the scheme. The structural, morphological, thermal, optical, and electrical properties of the synthesized nanocomposites were fully characterized by using various techniques. The mechanism for the formation of composite nanocables was explained on the basis of self-assembly of micelles. The reported self-assembly strategy for the synthesis of PEDOT-coated MWCNTs in micellar medium is a rapid, versatile, potentially scalable, stable, and making it useful for further exploitation in various types of applications.