Nucleation ability of multiwall carbon nanotubes in polypropylene composites



The nonisothermal crystallization of multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT)/isotactic polypropylene (iPP) nanocomposites was investigated. The results derived from the differential scanning calorimetry curves (onset temperature, melting point, supercooling, peak temperature, half-time of crystallization, and enthalpy of crystallization) were compared with those of neat iPP. The data were also processed according to Ozawa's theory and Dobreva's approach. These results and X-ray diffraction data showed that the MWNTs acted as α-nucleating agents in iPP. Accordingly, MWNT/iPP was significantly different from neat iPP: A fibrillar morphology was observed instead of the usual spherulites. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 41: 520–527, 2003