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Keywords:

  • blends;
  • miscibility;
  • thermodynamics;
  • neutron scattering;
  • polyisoprene;
  • polybutadiene;
  • polystyrene

Abstract

The thermodynamic interactions between poly(4-tert-butyl styrene) [P(4tBS)] and 1,4-polyisoprene (PI; both hydrogenous) were obtained as functions of the temperature, PI molecular weight, and blend composition through the examination of miscible ternary blends of these two components with a common miscible labeled polymer [90% 1,2-deuterated polybutadiene (dPBD)] with small-angle neutron scattering. The thermodynamic interaction parameters between P(4tBS) and dPBD and between P(4tBS) and PI increased with increasing temperature and were consistent with lower critical solution temperature behavior. Although the binary blends of P(4tBS) and dPBD exhibited phase separation at elevated temperatures, the thermodynamic interaction parameters between P(4tBS) and PI remained large and negative and independent of the PI molecular weight. Finally, the thermodynamic interactions for PI and P(4tBS) depended strongly on the ratio of PI to P(4tBS) and were also sensitive to the amount of dPBD present in the ternary blend. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 3204–3217, 2004