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Dynamic light scattering of semidilute hydrophobically modified alkali-soluble emulsion solutions with different lengths of poly(ethylene oxide) spacer chain

Authors

  • Sheng Dai,

    1. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L7, Canada
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  • Kam Chiu Tam,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
    • School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
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  • Richard D. Jenkins

    1. The Dow Chemical Company, UCAR Emulsion Systems, Cary, North Carolina
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Abstract

Semidilute solutions of hydrophobically modified alkali-soluble emulsion (HASE) were examined by dynamic light scattering and rheological techniques. For the model polymer without associative macromonomer, two q2 dependent diffusional modes were detected in the decay time distributions. With increasing hydrophobicity of the associative macromonomer, the narrow fast peak was substituted by a shallow broad peak and only one q2 dependent slow mode could be accurately detected, which indicated that the heterogeneity of these associated clusters increases with increasing carbon number. The bulk steady-shear viscosity exhibits similar results to the diffusion coefficients of the aggregate observed from light scattering measurements. The length of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) spacer chain alters the solution properties as well as the associative cluster structure. With increasing length of PEO spacer chain, intramolecular association was substituted by intermolecular association. For EO segment larger than 32 units, intramolecular association dominates, where the formation of HASE aggregates is controlled by the balance of electrostatic repulsion and hydrophobic attraction. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 43: 3288–3298, 2005

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