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Soy-oil-based segmented polyurethanes



Segmented polyurethanes were prepared from soy polyol, diphenyl methane diisocyanate (MDI), and ethylene glycol or butane diol as chain extenders. Samples were prepared with true hard-segment concentrations (HSC) of about 0, 10, and 40%. Both the soft MDI–polyol and hard MDI/diol segments are glassy at room temperature. These samples were also crosslinked through the polyfunctional polyol soft segment. Partial crystallinity and phase separation were detected in samples with 40% HSC, on the basis of DSC data. Small-angle X-ray scattering shows the existence of phase separation with domain sizes of about 10 nm in the 40% HSC samples, but not in the others. The distribution of domain sizes is considerably broader for the ethylene-glycol extended system compared with that for the butane-diol case. Although the presence of hard segments lowers the crosslink density, samples with higher HSC had higher glass transition temperatures, higher strengths, higher moduli, lower swelling, lower elongation at break, and lower impact strengths. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 43: 3178–3190, 2005