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Keywords:

  • bulk modulus;
  • glass transition;
  • polycyanurate;
  • pressure relaxation;
  • retardation spectra;
  • thermosets

Abstract

The effect of crosslink density on the pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) behavior and on the pressure relaxation response for two polycyanurate networks is investigated using a custom-built pressurizable dilatometer. Isobaric cooling measurements were made to obtain the pressure-dependent glass transition temperature (Tg). The pressure relaxation studies were carried out as a function of time after volume jumps at temperatures in the vicinity of the pressure-dependent Tg, and the pressure relaxation curves obtained were shifted to construct master curves by time-temperature superposition. The reduced pressure relaxation curves are found to be identical in shape and placement, independent of crosslink density, when Tg is used as the reference temperature. The horizontal shift factors used to create the master curves are plotted as a function of the temperature departure from Tg (TTg), and they agree well with their counterparts obtained from the shear response. Moreover, the retardation spectra are derived from bulk compliance and compared to those from the shear. The results, similar to our previous work on polystyrene, indicate that at short times, the bulk and shear responses have similar underlying molecular mechanisms; however, the long-time mechanisms available to the shear response, which increase with decreasing crosslink density, are unavailable to the bulk response. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 47: 2477–2486, 2009