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Keywords:

  • mechanical properties;
  • on-line X-ray scattering;
  • polypropylene;
  • SAXS;
  • strain-induced crystallization;
  • structural characterization;
  • WAXS

Abstract

The mechanical behavior of polymer materials is strongly dependent on polymer structure and morphology of the material. The latter is determined mainly by processing and thermal history. Temperature-dependent on-line X-ray scattering during deformation enables the investigation of deformation processes, fatigue and failure of polymers. As an example, investigations on polypropylene are presented. By on-line X-ray scattering with synchrotron radiation, a time resolution in the order of seconds and a spatial resolution in the order of microns can be achieved. The characterization of the crystalline and amorphous phases as well as the study of cavitation processes were performed by simultaneous SAXS and WAXS. The results of scattering experiments are complemented by DSC measurements and SEM investigations. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 48: 1574–1586, 2010