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Electrospun fibers of functional nanocomposites composed of single-walled carbon nanotubes, fullerene derivatives, and poly(3-hexylthiophene)

Authors

  • Céline Bounioux,

    1. Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker Campus 84990, Israel
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    • Céline Bounioux and Racheli Itzhak contributed equally to this work.

  • Racheli Itzhak,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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    • Céline Bounioux and Racheli Itzhak contributed equally to this work.

  • Ron Avrahami,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion, Haifa 32000, Israel
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  • Eyal Zussman,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion, Haifa 32000, Israel
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  • Joseph Frey,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
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  • Eugene A. Katz,

    1. Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker Campus 84990, Israel
    2. The Ilze Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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  • Rachel Yerushalmi-Rozen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
    2. The Ilze Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
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Abstract

Electrospinning of fibers composed of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), fullerene derivative, phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) is reported. While of great promise for photovoltaic applications, morphological control of functional structures is a great challenge for most processing methods. It is demonstrated that the use of a tailor-made block-copolymer for dispersion of individual SWNT enables the preparation of stable dispersions of individual tubes that may be further cospun from chloroform solutions with PCBM and P3HT into submicron fibers. The block copolymer used to mediate the colloidal and interfacial interactions in the combined system enables the spinning of centimeters long and uniform fibers. Structural characterization indicates a high degree of ordering and alignment within the fibers and absorption and quenching of the photoluminescence indicate significant interactions among the components. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 49: 1263–1268, 2011

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