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Keywords:

  • blends;
  • block copolymers;
  • nanocomposites;
  • nanoparticles

Abstract

The nanocomposites consisted of polymer and nanoparticles (NPs) have been regarded as one of core materials in the nanotechnology. From the practical viewpoint, the heat treatment is often required in many nanocomposite fabrication processes. However, some NPs such as gold NPs exhibit the low thermal stability due to the dissociation of ligands from the nanoparticle surface at elevated temperature, limiting their use in many applications. Herein, we provide an overview of the recent efforts in strategies for the design and fabrication of inorganic NPs which have enhanced thermal stability. The recent investigation on the phase behavior of thermally stable NPs within the polymer matrices (polymer blends and block copolymer), morphologies of nanocomposites induced by NPs, and examples of their applications are also discussed. These approaches may provide useful strategy to employ the NPs for the fabrication of nanocomposites in diverse applications especially where heat treatment are required. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys, 2013