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Keywords:

  • charge transfer;
  • conjugated polymers;
  • crystal structures;
  • H-aggregates;
  • heterojunctions;
  • organic crystals

Abstract

Crystal needles of N,N′-bis(1-ethylpropyl)-3,4,9,10-perylenebis(dicarboximide) (EPPTC) are produced through p-stacking and are embedded in the thin film of poly(9,9-din-hexylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl) (PFO) when the blend solution of EPPTC and PFO in p-xylene is spin-coated onto a glass substrate. Charge transfer (CT) complex is resolved from the spectroscopic response of the blend film, which is generated only when the PFO molecules are excited. Thus, the PFO molecules are specified as donors and the H-aggregated EPPTC as acceptors in the formation of CT state (CTS). The emission resulting from the CTS in the red is further recognized by its much longer lifetime than both the intrinsic emission of the individual EPPTC molecules and that of their pure aggregates. Near-field analysis verifies that the CTS form on the boundary between the PFO and the crystal phases. The CT exciton forms by bounding the hole left on HOMO of the donor (PFO) and the indirectly transferred electron to the H-aggregate state of EPPTC, which transits back to the ground state by emitting a photon at about 650 nm. This introduces special physics in the heterojunctions that are coupled with the H-aggregates and mechanisms important for the design of organic photovoltaic devices. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys, 2013