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Creation of biofunctionalized plasma polymerized allylamine gradients


Correspondence to: M.-J. Wang (E-mail:


A chemical gradient possessing gradual change of amine concentration for every 100 carbon atoms (NHx/100 C) from 4.03 to 1.98 was prepared by plasma polymerization of allylamine on polypropylene films. Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis and water contact angle (WCA) measurements revealed that the nitrogen incorporation resulted in the amine functionality (C[BOND]N binding) and, therefore, the formation of the wettability gradient. The gradient showed the WCAs varied from 15° to 90° as the change of amine concentration on the gradient from the nitrogen rich end to the nitrogen deprived end. Furthermore, the interactions between the gradient with mammalian cells revealed that more than twofold cell density was found at the nitrogen rich end when compared with the nitrogen deprived end. Plasma polymerization was demonstrated as an effective method to create controllable chemical gradient and the obtained allylamine gradient was useful for biomaterial applications. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2013, 51, 1361–1367