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Influence of the bridging atom in fluorene analogue low-bandgap polymers on photophysical and morphological properties of copper indium sulfide/polymer nanocomposite solar cells

Authors

  • Monika Jäger,

    Corresponding author
    1. Christian Doppler Laboratory for Nanocomposite Solar Cells, Graz University of Technology and NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Austria
    • NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Weiz, Austria
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    • *M.J. and R.T. contributed equally to this work

  • Roman Trattnig,

    1. NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Weiz, Austria
    2. Christian Doppler Laboratory for Nanocomposite Solar Cells, Graz University of Technology and NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Austria
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    • *M.J. and R.T. contributed equally to this work

  • Markus Postl,

    1. NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Weiz, Austria
    2. Christian Doppler Laboratory for Nanocomposite Solar Cells, Graz University of Technology and NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Austria
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  • Wernfried Haas,

    1. Institute for Electron Microscopy and Fine Structure Research, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
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  • Birgit Kunert,

    1. Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
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  • Roland Resel,

    1. Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
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  • Ferdinand Hofer,

    1. Institute for Electron Microscopy and Fine Structure Research, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
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  • Andreas Klug,

    1. NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Weiz, Austria
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  • Gregor Trimmel,

    1. Christian Doppler Laboratory for Nanocomposite Solar Cells, Graz University of Technology and NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Austria
    2. Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Materials, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
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  • Emil J. W. List

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Solid State Physics, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
    • NanoTecCenter Weiz Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Weiz, Austria
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Correspondence to: M. Jäger (E-mail: monika.jaeger@ntc-weiz.at) or E. J. W. List (E-mail: emil.list@ntc-weiz.at)

ABSTRACT

This contribution presents the correlation between structural, morphological, and fluorescence properties as well as device performance of nanocomposite solar cells comprising two low-band gap polymers, poly[[9-(1-octylnonyl)−9H-carbazole-2,7-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl] (PCDTBT) and poly[2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl(9,9-dioctyl-9H-9-silafluorene-2,7-diyl)−2,5-thiophenediyl] (PSiF-DBT) and copper indium sulfide (CIS). It shows that, in analogy to organic solar cells, the device efficiency is strongly determined by different polymer structures leading to a different packing of the polymer chains and consequently to diverse morphologies. X-ray diffraction investigation indicates increased semicrystallinity in PSiF-DBT compared with the nitrogen analogue PCDTBT. The photoluminescence (PL) quenching of this polymer indicates that the higher photogeneration achieved in PSiF-DBT based films can be correlated to a favorable donor-acceptor phase separation. Transmission electron microscopy studies of PCDTBT:CIS blended films suggest the formation of polymer agglomerates in the layer resulting in a decreased PL quenching efficiency. For the considered polymer:CIS system, the combination of these effects leads to an enhanced overall device efficiency. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 2013, 51, 1400–1410

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